Manjusri
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3 answers
14 votes
952 views
What nuances does the term "тугрик" have?
9 votes

The term as a reference to exotic currency was widepread during times of Soviet international contracts. Since nineties, the meaning became broader. Phonosemantically and similar to cockney rhyming ...

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4 answers
4 votes
6k views
What is the difference between the letter Е and Э?
8 votes

The consonant letter resembling a vowel by its form is З з (like number three), so your friend might inintentionally mistake the З з for Э э. The letter Э э is closer to the first part [ε] in the ...

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10 answers
11 votes
1k views
Why do Russians say "Чего?" and not "Что?" when they didn't understand something?
8 votes

This is one of many examples of Fenno-Ugric impact upon the Russian language. The fact is that Russian Genitive bears, among other semantical aspects, also that of Partitive (just like in Estonian, ...

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1 answers
7 votes
348 views
Meaning of "Меня слышно?"
Accepted answer
7 votes

Yes, this is a set phrase and - no, you are right in your interpretation. The structure itself is an ellipsis with an omitted quasi-ergative subject in Dative (elliptical topic): (Всем) (ли) ...

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2 answers
4 votes
242 views
How to say "revision" (for exams) in Russian?
Accepted answer
6 votes

The total process is named подготовка к экзаменам and can be done either by a student or by a teacher, or by the both parties. Same for повторение. What a student does alone repeating everything ...

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3 answers
4 votes
436 views
Difference between "парень" and "любовник"?
6 votes

Парень (a cognate to Lithuanian berniukas) makes an emphasis on the relationship while любовник makes emphasis on love-making: У неё есть парень / нет парня. А парень-то у тебя, подруга, есть? - the ...

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3 answers
16 votes
1k views
Do Russian speakers consistently produce the same perfective form for a new verb?
6 votes

Well, judgung by the most answers and comments here, the Russian speakers hardly agree on anything. As for the Russian grammar, it is naturally polycentric (that is, the grammar comprises a number of ...

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3 answers
8 votes
270 views
What did крестьянин из государственных mean in the 1897 census?
Accepted answer
6 votes

Although the serfdom of state-owned workers had been abolished long before, the abolition itself was not a momentous revolutionary action. The state-owned serfs were gradually introduced into their ...

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2 answers
5 votes
499 views
Case of complements in Russian
6 votes

Surprisingly, but - no! In a certain context, the first sentence is absolutely correct and is the only possible option. It can be used as a rhema-response (as opposed to a thema-response) to a topic ...

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2 answers
8 votes
344 views
Какое наклонение у глаголов в репликах "Проходим!", "Не задержимаемся!" и т.д
6 votes

Так называемый "инклюзивный императив", ещё одно наследие финно-угорских языков. Возможно и франкофонное влияние, но версия с инклюзивным императивом лично мне представляется более достоверной, т. к. ...

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1 answers
6 votes
639 views
How do toddlers curse in Russian?
Accepted answer
6 votes

That's mainly defined by milieu, e.g. toddles from poor/socially deprived families can curse in quite an adult Russian. Блин горелый is a euphemism unrelated to any specific age. A fact proving a ...

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7 answers
73 votes
25k views
Why does "охуенно" mean "great" but "хуёвый" mean "bad"
5 votes

пиздато literally means something like 'cuntish', and is an expression of positive experience obtained by a heterosexual male's genitalia; you might hardly, if ever, hear heterosexual women saying '...

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3 answers
6 votes
343 views
Interpretation of "Понеслась душа в рай!"
5 votes

It's not opposite. The meaning is metaphorical, implying that the speaker (or an acting person) is as much attracted to the topic - or an acting person to an object of an action or to an action as ...

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2 answers
7 votes
238 views
Russian Cases, Grammar & огонём vs огнём
5 votes

1) The prohibitive form (Ru) with an infinitive (не + the infinitive) is more official and is used in a colloquial speech as a form of rude impersonal command only: Не играть с огнём. => Не играй с ...

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4 answers
6 votes
283 views
Help me understand why "молоко готово" and not "молоко готовое"
5 votes

Semantically, this form is a cross-breed between an adjective and a participle. Some centuries ago all adjectives used to have both shortened and elongated forms, now this system is less regular. You ...

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1 answers
6 votes
245 views
Declension of 'ле́в'?
5 votes

It's not irregular. The mobile vowel is a typical phenomenon for [almost] any masculine singular, non-loan word consisting of two syllables, starting with a singular consonant and taking -и/-ы (and ...

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2 answers
1 votes
252 views
Is there a difference between "эго" and "это" or the are the same?
5 votes

My intuition is that perhaps you meant его (as a Single Genitive Case of он(о)) instead of эго, which is more likely to be 'used almost in the same context' as это, or perhaps него. The differences ...

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2 answers
5 votes
343 views
Is it considered a mistake to write "его" and "ето" instead of эго and это?
5 votes

Yes, because E e at a beginning of a word is heard as [je]. Moreover, это = this / it эго = Ego (as in Freudian personality theory). I haven't ever seen ето written instead of это by a native ...

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2 answers
7 votes
1k views
When is it necessary to use a capital letter in the beginning of the sentence?
5 votes

Personal pronoun I is never capitalised (unless positioned at the beginning of a sentence): Я изучаю китайский язык, и чем больше я его изучаю, тем больше у меня вопросов. Names of countries are ...

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3 answers
6 votes
185 views
"Я в состоянии" vs "я способен"?
4 votes

Semantically, быть в состоянии refers to an evident state and/or an action. быть способен / способным refers to non-evident condition and/or action. Grammatically, быть в состоянии always-- well, ...

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3 answers
4 votes
1k views
Genders - Nouns with "ь"
4 votes

a) Any noun ending in -нь and meaning a physical entity that is not a part of a larger whole/not dependent on the other object is most likely a masculine (whence тень, сень and голень are exceptions - ...

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2 answers
16 votes
4k views
Why is the letter "г" in some of the Russian words pronounced differently as it should be?
4 votes

Historical phonetics, I guess. In some southern dialects of Modern Russian, the letter Г г is still pronounced as [ɣ] almost in any position (as in modern Ukrainian). For some times, the Russian koine ...

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2 answers
3 votes
180 views
A good translation for "backstory" of a character?
4 votes

Предыстория is usually referred to events, not biographies. Here I would suggest something like прошлое героя (is interchangeable with the other two, герой can be used for shows and literature) ...

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1 answers
-1 votes
189 views
Does anyone know the name of the Russian person here?
4 votes

The robbers' characters from the cartoon "По следам бременских музыкантов" (On the Trail of the Bremen Town Musicians) are, in their turn, the replicas of the physical appearance of the three ...

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2 answers
6 votes
457 views
What is the difference between the prefixes по and у in verbs of motion
4 votes

As prefixes for motion verbs, у- usually emphasises on a place from which the motion starts, while по- makes emphasis on a trajectory of motion (implying that the destination is a subject to change, ...

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4 answers
2 votes
356 views
десяток and its class of numeric forms
3 votes

The group nouns for animate sentient beings are as follows (governed by Plural Genitive and works with Neutrum and Masculine words only): двое, трое, четверо, пятеро, шестеро, семеро. Then there are ...

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5 answers
15 votes
3k views
What are Russian equivalents of the English idiom "spread yourself too thin"?
3 votes

Referring to speech, the possible set phrase could also be растекаться мыслью/(from растекаться мысью) по древу , which is 'to run one's thought / oneself as a squirrel along a tree, мысь being an Old ...

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4 answers
12 votes
719 views
Difference between двигается and движется
3 votes

In addition to the nuances listed above, the difference is, roughly, that двигается means 'to move at one's own position or place' and движется means 'to move as related to some other position or ...

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2 answers
5 votes
161 views
Which free on line dictionaries is considered the best for English-Russian (and vise versa) translations?
3 votes

For terminology, I prefer (in order of descending reliability) ru.wikipedia.org, wiktionary.org and, last but not least, multitran.ru (I generally mistrust 'hive-mind platforms', though-- especially ...

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3 answers
16 votes
8k views
"есть" eat or have?
3 votes

The form ест ((s)he eats) is always Thir Person Present Tense Singular from the verb есть and so forever shall it be. It is therefore very different from the form есть (Yes, the Palatalisation (that ...

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