Sergey Slepov
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Pronunciation of "Иванов"
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9 votes

Ивано́в is much more common although some Ivanovs prefer to be called Ива́нов. There is also the possessive adjective ива́нов (Ivan's): Ива́нов день (Kupala Night).

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Произношение слова «случай» - это принцип или исключение?
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8 votes

Да, это закономерно: после мягких согласных звуков в слабой позиции звук [а] редуцируется до [и]: счастливый, сякой, язык. (Слово язык начинается с мягкого согласного [й].) Поэтому, например, слова ...

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Сосед in genitive plural
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8 votes

It's just an exception. In Zalizniak's Grammatical Dictionary this word is marked with the △ sign: сосе́д мо 1a △ мн. сосе́д|и, -ей, -ям http://gramdict.ru/search/сосед This word's stem gets ...

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How to complete "налей мне" and "отдай мне обратно": "чаёк," "чайка," or "чайку"?
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8 votes

With "Налей мне..." any of the three options can be used: ... чаек. Pour me THE tea. ... чайку. Pour me SOME tea. ... чайка. Same as чайку, more preferred if you are younger. Partitive (чайку) ...

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The word “вообще" and its usage
8 votes

The way it's used in your examples, it's just an intensifier that can be rendered with 'at all', 'absolutely': 'I'm not going to write anything at all.' It's a colloquial usage that corresponds ...

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Как склоняется слово "Нод(а)"
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8 votes

Вариативность по роду - довольно распространенное явление, особенно среди заимствованных слов: компонент/компонента, метод/метода, вольер/вольера и др. Какой бы род вы ни выбрали, старайтесь ...

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What are some words for LGBT people in Russia?
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8 votes

Widely understood and neutral/positive: Ему́/ей нра́вятся ма́льчики/де́вочки Он/она́ лю́бит ма́льчиков/де́вочек Он голубо́й / гей Она́ лесбия́нка Lesser known, colloquial: Ле́сби, би, транс ...

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Почему как стартовую команду применяют фразу «три-четыре»?
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8 votes

Подытоживая обсуждение (спасибо @Баян_Купи-ка за ссылку): "Три-четыре" пошло из музыки/танцев и используется для синхронизации исполнителей в начале исполнения: на "раз" уже нужно начать играть/...

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Can anyone clear up some discrepancies between rules for numeral+adjective+noun agreement for 2/3/4 and actual usage (as found through e-sources)?
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8 votes

Both nominative plural and genitive plural adjectives can be used with feminine nouns. Nominative plural is preferred. Lisa, you are not the first to notice this variation (and well done spotting it!)...

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What is the idiom for "enjoy it!" in Russian?
8 votes

Take the action they are about to enjoy and add "отли́чного/прия́тного": "I'm going to travel with my friends." - Enjoy! = Я собира́юсь в путеше́ствие с друзья́ми - Отли́чного путеше́ствия! "I'm ...

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Why do some nouns take the genitive case instead of the accusative?
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8 votes

This appears to happen most often, if not exclusively, with uncountable nouns. Yes, bearing in mind that some uncountable nouns can be used as countable to denote fixed quantities of the ...

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Which это? Particle or Special Adjective/Pronoun
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8 votes

Э́то is the subject in this case, it does not need to agree with пра́вда. Э́то ма́льчик. It's / that's / this is a boy. Э́то де́вочка. It's / that's / this is a girl. Э́то молоко́. It's / that's / ...

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What is the Russian equivalent of the phrase "as in"?
8 votes

"То есть." Хочу найти работу. То есть настоящую работу, не халтурку какую-нибудь. Ты сказал "Болонья"? То есть город или мясное блюдо? It is pronounced as one word with the stress on "то" and is ...

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At what age are students addressed as вы instead of ты by their teachers?
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8 votes

From my personal experience the switch happens when the student leaves school (around the age of 17) and goes to university. It depends on individual teachers of course. Some school teachers might ...

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Why are multi-direction/alternate verbs used with verbs of motion prefixes?
7 votes

Уезжаете is not multidirectional. It's a normal imperfective verb in the present tense meaning 'you are leaving'. As most verbs, it does not have a multidirectional counterpart. An example ...

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Difference between questions like "у вас ли сыр?" and "есть ли у вас сыр?"
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7 votes

The difference is in emphasis: У вас ли сыр? - Is the cheese with you? Есть ли у вас сыр? - Have you got any cheese? Ли usually follows the word being questioned: (1) questions the location of the ...

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Do certain prefixes attract stress?
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7 votes

Yes. Certain prefixes and suffixes tend to attract stress under certain conditions. As already mentioned by Quassnoi, вы- in perfective verbs is always stressed: вы́прямился, вы́качу, ...

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Is it a mistake to say, "Oвчинки выделка не стоит"(sic!)?
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7 votes

овчинка выделки не стоит In this case it's an idiom (we're not talking about an actual sheepskin here) and idioms are much more static than normal sentences. So yes, it does sound like a mistake. ...

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When is человек used as the word man instead of мужчина
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7 votes

It's just that Russian happens to be more gender-neutral than English, at least in the case of человек which can mean 'man', 'person' or 'human being' depending on context: Она - хороший человек / ...

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римановое многообразие or риманово многообразие?
7 votes

These are so-called possessive adjectives which are used extensively (but not exclusively) in science, medicine and religion: булева алгебра базедова болезнь ахиллесова пята прокрустово ложе ...

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How do I express “aren’t”?
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7 votes

"Aren't" is English-specific and doesn't have a direct translation. Start with a plain positive sentence: Они играют во вторник. - They are playing on Tuesday. To turn it into a question, simply add ...

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How to express "that's one way to put it" with a hint of understatement?
7 votes

I think this will work well in your situation: Это ещё мягко сказано!

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A noun for a clumsy lady
7 votes

Курица :) Often used like this: Какая же ты курица!

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In Russian, how do you say "no, scratch that!"?
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7 votes

Возможно, (бла-бла-бла)... хотя нет, забудь (об этом). Or, if you have your second thoughts ready, then continue: Возможно, (бла-бла-бла)... хотя нет, скорее... (бла-бла-бла). E.g. Наверное, я ...

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What is the rationale for using Nominative Plural following the preposition "в" in "годиться в + noun"?
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7 votes

It's a very peculiar twist of the Russian grammar: a preposition followed by what seems to be a noun in the nominative case. Some grammarians even treat this as a separate case; others prefer to say ...

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How to interpret the phrase "Я тоже в долгу не оставалась"?
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7 votes

Yes, не оста́ться в долгу́ is an idiomatic phrase meaning (be quick) to repay someone like for like, either for good or bad. When said about a good thing, the phrase can mean literally 'not to remain ...

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«С++ программист» или «программист С++»?
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7 votes

Я бы написал: Иван Петров, программист на С++ Иван Петров, программист на Java и т.д. Сравните: игра на пианино - пианист игра на гитаре - гитарист и т.д. Но если специального слова нет, то: игра ...

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Use of implied actions and до того как
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7 votes

Yes, Russian uses "implied actions" (ellipsis) quite extensively: Дени́с лю́бит кра́сное вино́, а О́льга [лю́бит] бе́лое [вино́]. Дени́с лю́бит футбо́л, а О́льга - нет [не лю́бит]. But the way you'...

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Should there be a detectable difference in pronunciation between masculine animate plural nominative nouns whose plural accusative ends in "ей?"
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7 votes

In the second group the ending is stressed and pronounced more clearly. In the first group the ending is not stressed and thus is less discernible. Depending on the speaker, the rate of speech and ...

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Help me understand why "молоко готово" and not "молоко готовое"
7 votes

Гото́в, гото́ва, гото́во, гото́вы are short forms of the adjective гото́вый. Short forms are used mainly as the predicate in a sentence: Снег бел. - The snow is white. (бе́лый) Ты уве́рен? - Are you ...

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