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Questions tagged [slavic]

Everything related to the Russian language in the context of its relations with other Slavic languages.

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22
votes
5answers
3k views

How come the Russian cognate for the Czech word “čerstvý” (fresh) means entirely the opposite thing (stale)?

In Russian, черствый хлеб (chorstvy khleb) is stale bread. And to my great surprise, I recently learned that in Czech, čerstvý chléb is precisely the opposite thing: fresh bread. My question is: ...
6
votes
2answers
341 views

Why do stress patterns often match between cognates in Russian and Ukrainian?

I sometimes find myself looking up Russian words on wiktionary and following the etymology of the word upstream to find what words it is related to, as you do. I think I've noticed a peculiar thing: ...
8
votes
1answer
290 views

What is the proper отчество for Cтанислау?

I recently met someone named Станислау, and couldn't figure out what his children's отчество would be. I know that for Станислав it is obviously Станиславович, but "Станислауович" sounds awkward to me....
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Rendering of names in East Slavic languages

I've noticed that when rendering the name of a person from one East Slavic language to another, it's usually changed to the native spelling of the target language. For example, the name "Vladimir ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the actual linguistic similarities between Russian and Belarusian?

I lived in Belarus for some time, and my wife is from there. We spoke only Russian while in the country, but most signs, public transportation announcements ("next stop", etc.) and documents were in ...
-2
votes
1answer
632 views

к/ц becoming к/ч in Russian: chronology and reasons? Чередование к/ц и его переход в к/ч в русском: хронология и причины?

Читаем Иванова, "Историческая грамматика русского языка": "...в древнерусском языке противопоставление [ц'] и [ч'] на стыке корневой и флективной морфем могло иметь такой характер, что при помощи ...
6
votes
1answer
528 views

Etymology of хорваты / Этимология слова “хорваты”

What is the possible origin of this word? Can it be related to "сарматы"? Каково возможное происхождение этого слова? Может ли оно быть связано со словом "сарматы"?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Этимология слова «аист» / etymology of “аист” (stork)

Считается, что в русском языке нет исконных слов, начинающихся на букву «А». Как объяснить этимологию слова «аист», явно отличающуюся от лексем в родственных языках? бел. бусел укр. лелека русин. ...
10
votes
7answers
646 views

Was “сладкий” ever synonymous with “пресный” in Russian

Fresh (non-salt) water is also called sweet in English. Surprisingly, the word sweet is also used in some Slavic languages. To be precise: in Polish, woda słodka in Czech, sladká voda in Croatian (...
25
votes
13answers
73k views

Is the Ukrainian language understandable for the average Russian native speaker?

The Ukrainian language is very similar to the Russian, but is it understandable for the average Russian native speaker, let's say, in Moscow? Ukrainians understand Russian, but this is mostly because ...